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The Hindu thehindu.com 06 Aug, 2022 14:45 am

Why strengthening genomic surveillance is an imperative

Why strengthening genomic surveillance is an imperative
A recent study revealed that the rate of genetic changes in the monkeypox virus was higher than expected

A recent study revealed that the rate of genetic changes in the monkeypox virus was higher than expected.| Photo Credit: The Hindu photo library Ever since it was first reported in humans in 1970, monkeypox virus infections have been largely restricted to countries in Central and Eastern Africa until recently.Watch | What is the monkeypox virus?ALSO READ: The monkeypox virus: origin, symptoms and vaccine The monkeypox virus has a DNA genome of around 2,00,000 base pairs, roughly six times larger than that of SARS-CoV-2.

Like other viruses, the monkeypox virus evolves by the accumulation of genetic errors, or mutations, in its genome when it replicates inside a host.Information about mutations occurring in different genome sequences of the monkeypox virus across different regions can, thus, provide essential insights into how the virus is evolving, its genetic diversity and other factors that may be relevant to the development of diagnostic tools.

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